Revolution of 1905
- uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy.
- several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War(1904–05), diverse social groups demonstrated their discontent with the Russian social and political system.
- Their protests ranged from liberal rhetoric to strikes and included student riots and terrorist assassinations.
- These efforts, coordinated by the Union of Liberation, culminated in the massacre of peaceful demonstrators in the square before the Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, on Bloody Sunday